Theme: Light and Its Interaction with Matter
Light is everywhere around us, and humans wouldn't be able to survive without it.
Reflection, Refraction, Transmission, Scattering (Part 1)
HUMANIZING SCIENCE 2019 - 2020
HHA SCIENCE CLUB EXPERIMENTS AND PHOTOS
Any of these activities can be tried alone.
At a large event, participants can group into six teams that rotate through all five experiments at different stations. (One activity is a competition between two teams.)
Use reflection to play a game.
- How can you control the direction of light from its source to illuminate an object?
LIGHT UP BAG AND WIGGLING SPOTS (REFLECTION)
Use lasers and plastic bags filled with water and air to experiment with reflection.
- How can you use reflection to light up the whole bag?
- How can you reflect light from the interface of different materials and make light spots? - How can you determine which interfaces the spots are coming from?
Shine the laser through the hole when water is flowing out.
- Can you see the light “bending” with the water?
BENDING LIGHT AT AN AIR/WATER INTERFACE (REFRACTION AND SCATTERING)
- Use the straw and watch how it bends when it enters the water
- Use red laser and measure angle of refraction with protractor and calculate refractive index.
- In which direction does the straw bend?
- In which direction does the red laser light refract?
- Does the angle of refraction differ depending on the angle in which the straw and the light enter the water?
- Do you notice a difference in how the light refracts depending on which side (air or water) you view it from?
- Can you use Snell’s Law?
CREATING AN INVERTING LENS FROM WATER (REFRACTION)
Observe the inversion of objects through water in a cylindrical jar
- What happens to the direction of an arrow when it is observed through air and when it is observed through water in a jar?
- Can you draw light rays to show why the water inverts an image?